Public law considerations authorities and society, together with constitutional law, administrative law, and felony law. Private law deals with legal disputes between people and/or organisations in areas such as contracts, property, torts/delicts and industrial law. This distinction is stronger in civil law nations, notably those with a separate system of administrative courts; in contrast, the public-private law divide is less pronounced in common law jurisdictions. In general, authorized methods can be break up between civil law and common law techniques. The time period “civil law”, referring to the civilian authorized system originating in continental Europe, should not be confused with “civil law” within the sense of the common law matters distinct from felony law and public law.
John Locke, in his Two Treatises of Government, and Baron de Montesquieu in The Spirit of the Laws, advocated for a separation of powers between the political, legislature and govt bodies. Their precept was that no person should be in a position to usurp all powers of the state, in distinction to the absolutist concept of Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan. Sun Yat-sen’s Five Power Constitution for the Republic of China took the separation of powers further by having two additional branches of government – …Continue Reading