Family counseling is a form of therapy that focuses on helping families improve communication, resolve conflicts, and build stronger, healthier relationships. There are several different approaches to family counseling, each with its own set of techniques and strategies.
At OKC Counseling, tailors services to meet the unique goals and needs of each family. Here are some of the most common family counseling techniques and approaches:
Family Systems Therapy
Family systems therapy is a popular approach to family counseling that views the family as a complex system of interconnected parts. The therapist works with the family to identify patterns of communication and behavior that may be contributing to conflicts or issues. The therapist may use techniques such as genograms, which are diagrams that show family relationships and patterns across generations.
Evidence-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) works by changing negative thought patterns and behaviors. CBT techniques can be used in family counseling to identify and change negative communication and behavior patterns. The therapist may teach active listening, assertiveness, and conflict-resolution skills.
Solution-focused therapy is an approach that focuses on identifying and building on a family’s existing strengths and resources. The therapist works with the family to identify goals and develop strategies for achieving those goals. The therapist may ask questions such as “What is working well in your family?” and “What small changes can you make to improve your relationships?”
Narrative therapy is an approach that focuses on helping individuals and families reframe their stories and beliefs about themselves and their relationships. The therapist may ask questions such as “What is the story you tell yourself about your family?” and “How would your relationships be different if you told a different story?” Narrative therapy can be especially helpful for families who are struggling with issues such as trauma or addiction.
Emotionally Focused Therapy
Emotionally focused therapy (EFT) is an approach that focuses on helping family members identify and express their emotions in a healthy way. The therapist may use techniques such as role-playing or visualization to help family members understand each other’s emotions and needs. EFT can be especially helpful for families who are struggling with issues such as divorce or separation.
In conclusion, there are many different approaches to family counseling, and each has its own set of techniques and strategies. At OKC Counseling, we use a client-centered approach that is tailored to meet each family’s unique needs and goals.